The history of pre-modern Arunachal Pradesh is unclear. According to the Arunachal Pradesh government, the Hindu texts Mahabharata mention the region as the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas, and where sage Parashurama washed away sins, the sage Vyasa meditated, King Bhishmaka founded his kingdom, and Lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini. On the other hand, the Kalika Purana written in the 10th century mentions the region to be ruled by the descendants of a king named Bhirmuko of the Chutika(today's Chutia) clan.
Recorded history only became available in the Chutiya chronicles. The Monpa and Sherdukpen do keep historical records of the existence of local chiefdoms in the northwest as well. Northwestern parts of this area came under the control of the Monpa kingdom of Monyul, which flourished between 500 B.C. and 600 A.D. The remaining parts of the state, especially those bordering Myanmar, were under the control of the Chutiya Kings. However, most Arunachali tribes remained in practice largely autonomous up until Indian independence and the formalisation of indigenous administration in 1947.
Recent excavations of ruins of Hindu temples, such as the 14th century Malinithan at the foot of the Siang hills in West Siang, indicate they were built during the Chutiya reign. Another notable heritage site, Bhismaknagar(built in 8th century), has led to suggestions that the Chutiya people had an advanced culture and administration in prehistoric times. The third heritage site, the 400-year-old Tawang Monastery in the extreme north-west of the state, provides some historical evidence of the Buddhist tribal people. The sixth Dalai Lama Tsangyang Gyatso was born in Tawang.
What is included in the tour
- All transfers & sightseeing as per the itinerary
- Fuel and driver allowance
- 8 nights accommodation
- ILP fees
- All meals
- Park entry fees Kaziranga & Nameri National Park
- 1 round of elephant ride and 2 rounds of Jeep safari at Kaziranga
- English Speaking escort throughout the tour.
What is NOT included in the tour
- Air/train fares
- Airport taxes
- Sightseeing not specified in the includes
- Expenses of personal nature
- Camera charges
- Anything not specified in the includes
- Government Service Tax
- Tawang Monastery, Tawang (built by Merak Lama Lodre Gyatso in 1680-1681)
- Malinithan Temple, Likabali (built by Chutia king Lakshminaryan in the 15th century)
- Dirang Dzong, West Kameng (built by Monpha in the 17th century)
- Ita Fort, Itanagar (built by Chutia kings in the 14th century)
- Dimachung-Betali, West Kameng (built in the 13th century)
- Bhismaknagar Fort, Roing (built by Chutia kings in the 8th century)
- Tezu Fort, Tezu (built by Chutia kings in the 13th century)
- Bolung Fort, Bolung (built by Chutia kings in the 13th century)
- Gomsi Fort, East Siang (built by Chutia kings in the 13th century)
- Rukmini Fort, Roing (built by Chutia kings in the 13th century)
- Naksha Parbat ruins, East Kameng (built by Chutia kings in the 14th century)
Day 1 : Guwahati - Kaziranga
On arrival at Guwahati, proceed straight to Kaziranga National Park (5 hr 30 min). En route, halt and stretch your legs. Have some light refreshments if needed. Arrive at Kaziranga.
Kaziranga National Park is a highly reputed wildlife protected area. It is the largest undisturbed representative area of Brahmaputra. Reputed to be a mini Africa in the Indian sub-continent, the Park has more than 70% of the world's one-horned rhino population, 70% of the world population of the Eastern Swamp Deer and 75% of the world's wild Asiatic water buffalo. It has a significant population of the Asian Elephant. Not only that but the Park has more than 483 species of birds, 18 of them are globally threatened species. Because of the varied habitat-types that the Park comprises of as also of the strict protection accorded to them birding in Kaziranga is very special.
Dinner and overnight at Kaziranga National Park.
Day 2 : Kaziranga – Elephant and Jeep Safari - Nameri
This morning wake up early for your elephant safari!
Drive in open jeeps to the elephant riding point. Elephant safari is the most enjoyed safari to explore the wide varieties of wildlife in the Kaziranga National Park. The vast area covered by the Elephant Grass can be best viewed when you are on an elephant's back. Here you get an opportunity to see herds of Indian Elephants, One-horned Rhinoceros and many other wild animals from a very close distance. Return to your lodge after the 2 hr (approx) safari for breakfast. Plus with dawn breaking over the beautiful National Park, this safari is an amazing experience. Return to lodge.
After breakfast check out, pack your bags and proceed to the Western Range of the Park. It takes 25 minutes by jeep to reach the entrance of this Range. The route traverses the southwest portion of the park. This range has maximum short grass areas and is the optimum habitat for Rhino and Water Buffalo. A round of the entire circuit is around 20 km. High herbivore densities around these wetlands are characteristic of the habitat. Return for a very early lunch.
After lunch enjoy a jeep safari drive to Nameri (2 hrs). Cross the mighty Brahmaputra River as you approach Tezpur. The road after Tezpur is scenic and as you approach the Park, you will see the distant mountains of Arunachal Pradesh. Arrive at the eco-camp and check in. Located on the banks of the Jia Bhoroli River and on the Assam-Arunachal border, it opened in Nov 1998 and is home to the white winged duck, Sambhar, Barking Deer, Hog Deer and Elephants.
Dinner and overnight at Nameri.
Day 3 : Nameri – Bhalukpong – Bomdila - Dirang
After breakfast, proceed by car to the boat embankment point (8 km) and come down by boat on the snow-fed Himalayan river (rubber dinghies oared by expert tribal boatmen). This is not a rafting activity, but something that is rather unique to the Jia Bhorelli River.
At a leisurely pace for over an hour, with the warm welcome rays of the sun bearing down upon the rafters, bump down the gently flowing crystal clear waters of the river with the snow clad peaks of Arunachal looming over the dense Nameri jungles to your left. Midway, halt on a small rocky island.
Later, proceed on the 167 km hill road to Dirang. Within half an hour cross into Arunachal Pradesh at Bhalukpong and begin the steep ascent to Bomdila and further 2 hrs away to Dirang (180 kms/5 hrs). The road now cuts across probably the best forest cover now present in Arunachal Pradesh and the views are truly magnificent. En route stop at the orchidarium at Tipi. Stop for lunch at Bomdila. After lunch, proceed towards the spectacular Dirang valley which is Monpa tribe area.
Located in a spectacular valley, Dirang is famous for its apple orchards, sheep breeding farms and natural hot springs. The hot water springs in Dirang is considered holy by many who travel to them for a dip. Dirang is ideal place for adventures like trekking and hiking. Dinner and overnight at Dirang.
Day 4 : Dirang
Today enjoy the day soaking in the splendour of the Dirang Valley and its neighbourhood. After breakfast visit Dirang monastery, which is under the Nyingmapa sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Later Visit Sangti Valley. Situated along the shores of Sangti River, 25 km from Bomdila near Dirang, the Sangti Valley is one of the seasonal homes of the majestic creature called the black-necked crane that flies across from China and perhaps Leh, right into its laps. Wherever possible stop near mountain streams and waterfalls and go for long walks. Enjoy a picnic lunch at one such halts near the waterfalls/streams. Return to your hotel in the evening. Dinner and overnight at Dirang.
Day 5 : Dirang – Sela Pass - Tawang
Today after breakfast, depart Dirang for a fascinating drive to Tawang. The road moves along the Dirang River for 10 kms and then the climb starts. After 51 kms (roughly 2 hours) reach the Sela Pass. Situated at an altitude of 14,000 ft. this route to Sela Pass from Dirang is sparsely populated and the forest cover is alpine. This famous pass is covered with snow for most of the year as is the Paradise Lake, a small lake, which is frozen at this time of the year.
From Sela it is downhill to Tawang Chu River (49 km/1 hr 40 min). The drive now is bewitching with piercing snow peaks towering above you, waterfalls (some frozen) at every corner and a gushing Nuranang river accompanying you all the way! Expect snowfall on the way. This region was the scene of heavy fighting between Chinese and Indian troops in the war of 1962. 1 hr from Sela as you cross the Tawang Chu, take a diversion to visit the spectacular Nuranang Falls where scenes from the SRK-Madhuri Dixit starrer “Koyla” were shot. Tawang Township (alt. 10,000 ft.) is situated on the north bank of this river and it takes 1 hour from the Tawang Chu Bridge. Arrive and check into your hotel.
After lunch visit the famous Tawang Monastery. The 300 year old Monastery, locally called "Gompa" is considered to be the oldest in India and second largest Monastery in Asia after Lhasa in Tibet. The Monastery stands on the spur of a hill over 12000 ft. above the sea level. It accommodates over 500 monks and houses priceless Buddhist texts and scriptures. The Tibetan influence here is unmistakable, with the elaborately painted wooden windows and other motifs. Prayer flags flutter in the breeze and inside, the monks light lamps and drone in joint prayer. An 8mt high gilded statue of the Buddha is seated here, as are numerous ancient Thankas or traditional paintings and manuscripts. Dinner and overnight at Tawang.
Day 6 : Tawang
After breakfast drive high above town to the high altitude lakes of Pangong Tang Tso (popularly known as PT Tso). This is an extremely scenic drive with bird’s eye view of the township below. Return in time for lunch.
Post lunch enjoy the day at leisure. Walk into the town and do some shopping. Or you could go exploring on your own. You can visit the Craft Center and traditional Monpa Village. Dinner and overnight at Tawang.
Day 7 : Tawang - Dirang
Your return journey begins with your drive to Dirang. Catch up on the sights you might have missed out before. Arrive Dirang and enjoy lunch after your scenic ride.
Rest of the day at leisure. Experience the locale flavour - head out on walks and interact with the locals to enhance your experience. Return to your hotel. Dinner and overnight stay at Dirang.
Day 8 : Dirang - Nameri
After an early breakfast, return to Nameri eco-camp. En route, halt briefly by the river side at a beautiful picnic spot at Tenga Meadows, an Army encampment in the Arunachal valley. Experience an authentic local flavour lunch at a roadside dhaba. Arrive Nameri and check into your eco camp. Dinner and overnight at Nameri.
Day 9 : Nameri - Guwahati (6 hrs)
After an early breakfast, depart for Guwahati. Time permitting, visit the famous Kamakhya temple. Dedicated to Goddess Kali, this temple is located atop Nilachal Hill overlooking Guwahati.